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Affect Magazine

Capturing and Shaping your Ideas

The Seven Elements of Interior Design

If you own your own home, or even if you are renting, you have probably spent an hour or two looking at the rooms in your home and thinking about the interior design. Making your own changes to imprint your style on your home’s décor requires a lot of thought and planning.

The home décor experts focus on the seven elements of interior design to help them make the right choices, and design interiors that are both stylish and functional.

7 elements of interior design


Light is the most important element in interior design, and you should consider the natural and non-natural light sources that will impact your space. Light impacts color and texture, so the light sources that you have must be considered before you can start thinking about shades or materials.


The space you have to work with, and how light fills that space should be your next focus. Unless you are planning on making structural alterations to a room, you will need to work with what you have. Notice any dark areas and think about how you can use color and light sources to open up that space visually.


Color is the next element of interior design to be considered. Color can create a mood or an atmosphere in the room, and even influence the perception of temperature. Colors are often described as warm or cold, and warmer colors are more suitable for sleeping and living spaces. Use bold colors in rooms with a function, such as a dining room, to suggest order and a sense of occasion in its occupants.


Patterns should be paired with color. A pattern, whether floral wallpaper or painted stenciling, can add an extra dimension to a space, and give you more options when choosing accessories for the room. Using furniture or light fixings that complement a pattern used on the walls can take a room’s interior design to a higher level than simple coloring.


Texture is all about what materials you use and how and where you use them. Texture can be used to make a space more interesting and add depth to interior design. There are two types of texture for you to consider in your design; textures you see, and textures that you see and feel.


The lines that fixtures, furnishings, and a room’s architecture create will help define a room’s space and should be considered. Straight lines create an atmosphere of order and purpose, whereas curved lines, in both patterns and furniture, for example, are for more relaxed and comfortable spaces.


Last, but by no means least, is form. This relates mostly to fixtures and furnishings, and how those choices will impact the space. When designing a dining space, for example, the shape and dimensions of your dining table and chairs will have a big impact on the space, and your other design choices.

By considering the seven elements of interior design when making home décor changes, you can give your spaces a real wow factor that you can only normally get with help from a professional.


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